- A Habit of Mind is knowing how to behave intelligently when you DON'T know the answer.
Habit of Mind means having a disposition toward behaving intelligently
when confronted with problems, the answers to which are not immediately
known: dichotomies, dilemmas, enigmas and uncertainties.
focus is on performance under challenging conditions that demand
strategic reasoning, insightfulness, perseverance, creativity, and
craftsmanship. The critical attribute of intelligent human beings is
not only having information, but also knowing how to act on it.
Habits of Mind requires drawing forth certain patterns of intellectual
behavior that produce powerful results. They are a composite of many
skills, attitudes and proclivities including:
- Value: Choosing to employ a pattern of intellectual behaviors rather than other, less productive patterns.
- Inclination: Feeling the tendency toward employing a pattern of intellectual behaviors.
- Sensitivity: Perceiving opportunities for, and appropriateness of employing the pattern of behavior.
- Capability: Possessing the basic skills and capacities to carry through with the behaviors.
- Commitment: Constantly striving to reflect on and improve performance of the pattern of intellectual behavior.
The 16 Habits of Mind identified by Costa and Kallick include:
The following article describes the 16 Habits of Mind more fully and is available for download as a PDF file: Describing 16 Habits of Mind (Adobe's free Acrobat Reader browser plug-in program is needed to view, save, or print this file.)
- Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision
- Managing impulsivity
- Gathering data through all senses
- Listening with understanding and empathy
- Creating, imagining, innovating
- Thinking flexibly
- Responding with wonderment and awe
- Thinking about thinking (metacognition)
- Taking responsible risks
- Striving for accuracy
- Finding humor
- Questioning and posing problems
- Thinking interdependently
- Applying past knowledge to new situations
- Remaining open to continuous learning
Copyright © 2000-2001 Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick. All rights reserved.
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|Page last revised February 26, 2001.